Odds & Ends

      108 Comments on Odds & Ends

Odds and ends from the news, my email inbox, etc:

Take Those Salt Guidelines With A Grain Of … You Know

Perhaps someone should send this article to Mayor Bloomberg before he tries to force his anti-salt preferences on more food manufacturers:

Reducing dietary sodium (salt) helps lower blood pressure a little, but it also may increase levels of some hormones and unhealthy blood fats, a new review of studies shows. Researchers say that means cutting back on sodium may not have a substantial health benefit.

More like no benefit whatsoever, at least for most of us.

The review is an analysis of data from more than 167 studies of people with normal or high blood pressure who were randomly assigned to eat either high- or low-sodium diets.

It found that eating less than 2,800 milligrams of sodium a day helped lower blood pressure. But the reductions were small — an average of 1% for people who had normal blood pressure to begin with and 3.5% for people with high blood pressure.

So if your blood pressure is 130/90, cutting back on salt might reduce that to 128/89 or so. Whoopie. I’d rather enjoy my food.

But cutting back on salt appeared to have other effects, too.

Since so many experts are pushing low-salt diets in spite their negligible effect on blood pressure, I’ll bet those other effects are fabulous.

People on lower-sodium diets had an average 2.5% increase in cholesterol and a 7% increase in bad blood fats called triglycerides compared to people who were eating more than 3,450 milligrams of sodium — an amount that’s close to what the CDC says the average American eats every day.

Way to go, Mayor Bloomberg! That’s just what New Yorkers need – higher triglycerides.

Now, considering that this was an analysis of 167 studies, you’d expect the results to finally convince the anti-salt hysterics to shut up and go away. And of course, you’d be wrong.

But critics say the review draws faulty conclusions because it relies on too many small, short-term studies. They say the weight of research evidence shows clear health benefits when people cut back on sodium.

Yes, uh … ahem … well, uh … you see, if you simply ignore the vast majority of the studies out there, you can still claim the weight of research evidence shows that salt causes high blood pressure.

I’ve said it before, and I’ll say it again: Scientists are freakin’ liars.

Scientists Are Freakin’ Liars

I told you I’d say it again. Another freakin’ liar was busted just recently:

Tilburg and Groningen universities are to take legal action against one of their professors after an investigation showed he had faked research data in at least 30 scientific papers.

The fraud is ‘considerable and shocking’, the committee set up to look into Diederik Stapel’s academic publications said in an initial report into the scandal on Monday.

The investigation shows at least 30 academic papers submitted to respected scientific journals contained data that he had invented and there are doubts about several dozen more, the committee said. In total, statistics quoted in 150 papers dating back to 2004 when Stapel worked at Groningen University, are being examined.

The investigation committee also accused Stapel of abusing his position by damaging the reputations of young researchers who worked with him. False statistical data was used in 14 out of 21 doctoral theses mentored by Stapel, the NRC said.

So he’s not only a freakin’ liar, he was apparently training young scientists how to be freakin’ liars too. I wonder what kind of hidden agenda could cause a supposed scientist to engage in such un-scientific behavior?

Stapel, who was a professor of social and behavioural sciences at Tilburg, was suspended last month after doubts emerged about research that concluded eating meat makes people anti-social and selfish.

Hmmm … perhaps one of Stapel’s grad students should conduct a study to determine if shunning meat turns scientists into egotistical morons.

Meat ATMs

A reader sent me an article about vending machines in Paris that dispense French bread. (See the video below).

I replied that I’d much prefer to find a vending machine that dispenses meat (even though some “scientists” believe the meat would make me anti-social and selfish). Well, wouldn’t you know it:

Places one can acquire meat usually include grocery stores, farmers markets, and, if you’re lucky, a proper butcher shop. Residents of Odenville, Alabama can now add “a vending machine in a convenience store” to that list. No cuts are over $6, and they claim it’s actually cheaper than a grocery store.

Now all they need are some nearby grills that take quarters.

Grocery Clerk Pushes Fat Head

I take it as a good sign when people who know me starting hearing about Fat Head from people who don’t. A good friend of The Older Brother’s grabbed a quick lunch at McDonald’s with a business associate awhile back, and after tossing the bun from his burger, the business associate began explaining that he’d taken to eating burgers without buns after seeing this great documentary called Fat Head.

Yesterday my low-carb buddy Dana Carpender had a similar experience at an Aldi grocery store, which she recounted on her Hold The Toast blog:

When my turn came, I told the nice young man that the last time I’d come to Aldi I had written about it at my blog, posting all the prices from my receipt. Cool, he said. I wrote?, he asked. Yep, I told him, I write about nutrition and cooking and stuff. Interesting, he replied, he was into nutrition. Well, I said, I’m kind of the anti-vegan. He liked that, said he ate a lot of meat, too. I’m one of those Atkins people, I said, I eat low carb. He lit up — had I heard of a documentary called Fat Head?

Hah! When I told him that Tom Naughton is a friend of mine, that I know him from the Low Carb Cruise, you would have thought I said I knew Jack Black or Will Ferrell. He thought that was the coolest thing ever — he’d seen Fat Head, gone low carb, and lost fifty pounds.

I’m pretty sure Jack Black and Will Ferrell aren’t writing software 40 hours a week to pay for their new houses, but hey, it’s nice to have some name recognition.

Overheard At Work

So while I was taking a break at the software-writing job today, I overheard two women talking as they were buying their mid-afternoon snacks. One proposed (kidding, of course) that anything you eat with a Diet Coke doesn’t count. The other said she liked that theory, because dieting is too hard.

“Naw, dieting is easy,” her friend replied. “It just doesn’t work.”

Perhaps they need to visit an Aldi and get some advice from a clerk.


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108 thoughts on “Odds & Ends

  1. Ricardo

    I remember back in 2009 my Blood Pressure was like 180 and i had alot other health issues. At the time i was following a lower fat diet and that day i was eating alot of Bananas for my meals during the day. I then realized that Bananas had way to much sugar it caused my eyes to hurt, legs to hurt and other parts of my body. Ever since then i cut out grains and high sugar fruits and my Bp is around 93-100. Ever since then i said Bye-bye to carbs and my health improved dramatically as well.

  2. Paul Alexander

    All the stuff that people from the Government have been telling citizens for years regarding their health is turning out to be a bunch of nuisance.
    It’s not only health though, there’s also economy, finance, business, and so on. You need to check things out for yourself. The officials can be wrong, or like most of the times they are intentionally wrong.

  3. Beowulf

    Since it’s impossible to change only a single dietary variable (something else will always shift as well), I wonder if the negative effects of reducing sodium had anything to do with an increase in sugar consumption? Packaged foods need some sort of flavoring to make them sell, and someone avoiding salt might grab more fruit as a snack. Just a thought, and another reason why more people need a basic scientific primer about correlation not equaling causation. Especially scientists…

    In one failed attempt at reducing blood pressure by restricting salt, the same group of people consumed almost the exact same diet in two trial periods lasting several weeks — the only difference being the salt content. Blood pressure went down a couple of points on the low-salt diet.

  4. Nowhereman

    “They found faked data in theses he mentored, which means the papers were produced by the students. Didn’t the future scientists check the data in their own papers?”

    Sadly, some of them may have genuinely trusted this guy, and did not question his data when they made use of it for their thesis. Others, perhaps, chose to look the other way rather than risk the wrath of the guy who could potentially ruin their careers. And just perhaps there are a few of the students who were sucked up into the ideological mumbo-jumbo, and really perpetuated this fakery in order to help push the agenda.

    On that note, could you not amend your statement to “Some scientists are freaking liars”? Clearly not all are liars, just a limited portion of the overall scientist population are. 🙂

    I’m not sure how limited it is. When Dr. John Ionnidis examined decades’ worth of studies, he found the manipulation and misinterpretation of data was pretty extensive.

  5. Ricardo

    I remember back in 2009 my Blood Pressure was like 180 and i had alot other health issues. At the time i was following a lower fat diet and that day i was eating alot of Bananas for my meals during the day. I then realized that Bananas had way to much sugar it caused my eyes to hurt, legs to hurt and other parts of my body. Ever since then i cut out grains and high sugar fruits and my Bp is around 93-100. Ever since then i said Bye-bye to carbs and my health improved dramatically as well.

  6. Brent

    Let’s be honest here. Scientists are people who do science. If they manipulate their data, ignore studies with valid yet contradictory results, and/or blatantly lie, then they’re not scientists…no matter what they may call themselves. Remember, there’s a lot of people on death row who call themselves “Christians,” but, in the end, actions speak louder than words.

  7. Txomin

    I have read the post (thank you) but not the comments. It is likely someone else has already pointed out that salt, real salt, is far more than sodium.

    Regarding fraud in the scientific literature, and speaking as an academic, this is just the tip of the iceberg. As I have said many times before, always read everything critically, people, do not accept the (in)validity of data on account of its source.

    I’ve switched to sea salt at home. Much better flavor.

  8. LCNana

    This salt thing is just so silly. Whenever I watch a cooking show, featuring a ‘real’ chef, not those stupid challenge ones, for every layer of food added to the pot on goes another layer of seasoning: salt and pepper!!! When I try this in my own cooking I’m always amazed how much better the dish is. Coincidence or BS? This doesn’t say anything about health but it sure has me convinced that salt is a natural taste and why twist ourselves into something we are not: leaving salt out of the diet is not natural.

    Oh, and by the way, somebody better tell those animals out there who belly up to the salt licks farmers put out, that they’re in danger of high blood pressure!! And as you pointed out, Tom, man has always sought out natural salt licks either in rocks or by the sea.

  9. Brent

    Let’s be honest here. Scientists are people who do science. If they manipulate their data, ignore studies with valid yet contradictory results, and/or blatantly lie, then they’re not scientists…no matter what they may call themselves. Remember, there’s a lot of people on death row who call themselves “Christians,” but, in the end, actions speak louder than words.

  10. Firebird

    “I can’t imagine what middle age will be like for those who start taking statins at age 10.”

    If they make it that far.

  11. David

    Sorry, off topic, but as I was eating my sausage this morning, I saw this:

    Soy Diet Is Cruel and Unusual, Florida Inmate Claims
    http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/12/us/soy-diet-is-cruel-and-unusual-florida-inmate-claims.html?_r=1&ref=health

    And then this nugget:

    “Plant protein is more healthful for us, and people who consume a more plant-based diet have better health outcomes,” said Andrea Giancoli, a registered dietitian and spokeswoman for the American Dietetic Association, an organization of food and nutrition professionals. “However, I can’t speak for how the soy is processed. Like anything, the more we process them and break them down and isolate proteins, we lose some of the goodness and benefits.”

    I’d like to know what proof Ms. Giancoli has to back up her claim!

    There’s a similar suit in Illinois, home of soy processor ADM.

  12. Underground

    “X got his first classical migraine today (complete with aura, numbness, tingling, disorientation and slurred speech, then crashing headache and neuro check up from the pediatrician.)”

    Sounds almost like they expected it. Gee, I wonder why that could be?

  13. Txomin

    I have read the post (thank you) but not the comments. It is likely someone else has already pointed out that salt, real salt, is far more than sodium.

    Regarding fraud in the scientific literature, and speaking as an academic, this is just the tip of the iceberg. As I have said many times before, always read everything critically, people, do not accept the (in)validity of data on account of its source.

    I’ve switched to sea salt at home. Much better flavor.

  14. Andrea Lynnette

    I had the chance to talk to some massage therapy students recently, and I learned from them that the low-carb thing is really taking off in the “alternative” health circles. From what I’ve learned, a lot of people who go into massage, aromatherapy, naturopathy, etc., did so because of the failings of modern medicine.

    They talked a lot about the damage sugar can do to people’s joints and how people with high-carb diets are more likely to need therapy for arthritis. The best line I heard from them all day was that “sugar kills and EVERY KNOWS carbs are sugar!” I wanted to kiss him for that! And all the students nodding along like this was something only an idiot could disagree with.

    I read that people who spend their own healthcare dollars — as opposed to what’s covered by insurance — are favoring alternative providers by a large margin. That’s a good sign.

  15. Heather Dreith

    Tom…here’s another “odd and end” I ran into today that I thought you might be interested in. The source is a site called diabetes in control, and the link is to an article that says diets that cut out fat or carbs don’t lead to sustained weight loss. I’d be interested in your reaction, but I don’t want you to bang your head on your desk! Here’s the link:

    http://www.diabetesincontrol.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=11734&catid=53&Itemid=8

    Yeah, I saw that. What they basically concluded is that if you don’t stick with the diet, the pounds come back. Duh.

  16. LCNana

    This salt thing is just so silly. Whenever I watch a cooking show, featuring a ‘real’ chef, not those stupid challenge ones, for every layer of food added to the pot on goes another layer of seasoning: salt and pepper!!! When I try this in my own cooking I’m always amazed how much better the dish is. Coincidence or BS? This doesn’t say anything about health but it sure has me convinced that salt is a natural taste and why twist ourselves into something we are not: leaving salt out of the diet is not natural.

    Oh, and by the way, somebody better tell those animals out there who belly up to the salt licks farmers put out, that they’re in danger of high blood pressure!! And as you pointed out, Tom, man has always sought out natural salt licks either in rocks or by the sea.

  17. Firebird

    “I can’t imagine what middle age will be like for those who start taking statins at age 10.”

    If they make it that far.

  18. David

    Sorry, off topic, but as I was eating my sausage this morning, I saw this:

    Soy Diet Is Cruel and Unusual, Florida Inmate Claims
    http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/12/us/soy-diet-is-cruel-and-unusual-florida-inmate-claims.html?_r=1&ref=health

    And then this nugget:

    “Plant protein is more healthful for us, and people who consume a more plant-based diet have better health outcomes,” said Andrea Giancoli, a registered dietitian and spokeswoman for the American Dietetic Association, an organization of food and nutrition professionals. “However, I can’t speak for how the soy is processed. Like anything, the more we process them and break them down and isolate proteins, we lose some of the goodness and benefits.”

    I’d like to know what proof Ms. Giancoli has to back up her claim!

    There’s a similar suit in Illinois, home of soy processor ADM.

  19. Phyllis Mueller

    Has anyone actually determined what normal cholesterol levels are of healthy children of various ages? Or are medical people assuming children’s (and toddlers’ and babies’ and teenagers’) levels should be the same as those of adults? I don’t think anybody was measuring my cholesterol till I was in my 30s, if then. But, of course, drug therapy was not available so what was the point?

    I don’t know or care what my daughters’ cholesterol levels are. They’re on a good diet, and that’s what matters.

  20. Underground

    “X got his first classical migraine today (complete with aura, numbness, tingling, disorientation and slurred speech, then crashing headache and neuro check up from the pediatrician.)”

    Sounds almost like they expected it. Gee, I wonder why that could be?

  21. April P in Maryland

    A couple things:

    1. I agree with those above who say that those grad students likely built upon already bad data. Grad students are especially afraid, because often they get their first job from a connection through the advisor.

    2. If you’ve gone paleo-primal and eliminated processed foods, then you’ve already eliminated an incredible amount of salt. IMO, you can use the salt shaker liberally in your home cooking and STILL not ingest too much sodium. And wouldn’t too much salt just make you thirsty so you drink more and elimiate the excess?

    You also tend to release more sodium on a low-carb diet, so the extra salt could even be necessary, or at least beneficial.

  22. Andrea Lynnette

    I had the chance to talk to some massage therapy students recently, and I learned from them that the low-carb thing is really taking off in the “alternative” health circles. From what I’ve learned, a lot of people who go into massage, aromatherapy, naturopathy, etc., did so because of the failings of modern medicine.

    They talked a lot about the damage sugar can do to people’s joints and how people with high-carb diets are more likely to need therapy for arthritis. The best line I heard from them all day was that “sugar kills and EVERY KNOWS carbs are sugar!” I wanted to kiss him for that! And all the students nodding along like this was something only an idiot could disagree with.

    I read that people who spend their own healthcare dollars — as opposed to what’s covered by insurance — are favoring alternative providers by a large margin. That’s a good sign.

  23. Heather Dreith

    Tom…here’s another “odd and end” I ran into today that I thought you might be interested in. The source is a site called diabetes in control, and the link is to an article that says diets that cut out fat or carbs don’t lead to sustained weight loss. I’d be interested in your reaction, but I don’t want you to bang your head on your desk! Here’s the link:

    http://www.diabetesincontrol.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=11734&catid=53&Itemid=8

    Yeah, I saw that. What they basically concluded is that if you don’t stick with the diet, the pounds come back. Duh.

  24. Phyllis Mueller

    Has anyone actually determined what normal cholesterol levels are of healthy children of various ages? Or are medical people assuming children’s (and toddlers’ and babies’ and teenagers’) levels should be the same as those of adults? I don’t think anybody was measuring my cholesterol till I was in my 30s, if then. But, of course, drug therapy was not available so what was the point?

    I don’t know or care what my daughters’ cholesterol levels are. They’re on a good diet, and that’s what matters.

  25. April P in Maryland

    A couple things:

    1. I agree with those above who say that those grad students likely built upon already bad data. Grad students are especially afraid, because often they get their first job from a connection through the advisor.

    2. If you’ve gone paleo-primal and eliminated processed foods, then you’ve already eliminated an incredible amount of salt. IMO, you can use the salt shaker liberally in your home cooking and STILL not ingest too much sodium. And wouldn’t too much salt just make you thirsty so you drink more and elimiate the excess?

    You also tend to release more sodium on a low-carb diet, so the extra salt could even be necessary, or at least beneficial.

  26. Steve

    “Scientists Are Freakin’ Liars”

    it’s reassuring to know that most of what you’ve written is based on the work of liars.

    Yup, that’s what we do here: encourage dishonest science.

  27. Steve

    “Scientists Are Freakin’ Liars”

    it’s reassuring to know that most of what you’ve written is based on the work of liars.

    Yup, that’s what we do here: encourage dishonest science.

  28. Greg

    Did you notice the last line in that salt article?

    “‘Over 50 public health organizations can’t be wrong on this one,’ says Appel.”

    Really? Of course they can. Kinda finding it hard to trust this guy’s take on the issue after reading that…

    Appeals to authority are a weak form of argument anyway. Facts don’t care who believes in them.

  29. Greg

    Did you notice the last line in that salt article?

    “‘Over 50 public health organizations can’t be wrong on this one,’ says Appel.”

    Really? Of course they can. Kinda finding it hard to trust this guy’s take on the issue after reading that…

    Appeals to authority are a weak form of argument anyway. Facts don’t care who believes in them.

  30. Underground

    “Scientists Are Freakin’ Liars”

    it’s reassuring to know that most of what you’ve written is based on the work of liars.

    Yup, that’s what we do here: encourage dishonest science.

    _____________________________________________________

    As was said above, scientists are human, and susceptible to all the same foibles of ego and other human traits as the rest of us. And just because it’s published doesn’t mean it’s right.

    Read it **all** critically. People become very attached to their ideas, especially after they’ve spent a good portion of their life on it and attached their professional reputation to it.

    But, results are the currency of the scientific community. It stands to reason there will be counterfeiters from time to time.

    Exactly the point I made in my Science For Smart People speech. Most people assume scientists are objective seekers of truth. It’s important for the general public to understand that much of what passes for science is bought and paid for by people with agendas.

  31. Underground

    “Scientists Are Freakin’ Liars”

    it’s reassuring to know that most of what you’ve written is based on the work of liars.

    Yup, that’s what we do here: encourage dishonest science.

    _____________________________________________________

    As was said above, scientists are human, and susceptible to all the same foibles of ego and other human traits as the rest of us. And just because it’s published doesn’t mean it’s right.

    Read it **all** critically. People become very attached to their ideas, especially after they’ve spent a good portion of their life on it and attached their professional reputation to it.

    But, results are the currency of the scientific community. It stands to reason there will be counterfeiters from time to time.

    Exactly the point I made in my Science For Smart People speech. Most people assume scientists are objective seekers of truth. It’s important for the general public to understand that much of what passes for science is bought and paid for by people with agendas.

  32. Firebird

    “You also tend to release more sodium on a low-carb diet, so the extra salt could even be necessary, or at least beneficial.”

    Have you spoken to this in a lecture? If not, could you blog at some as to why that may be?

    I’ve seen it mentioned, but haven’t covered it myself yet.

  33. Firebird

    “You also tend to release more sodium on a low-carb diet, so the extra salt could even be necessary, or at least beneficial.”

    Have you spoken to this in a lecture? If not, could you blog at some as to why that may be?

    I’ve seen it mentioned, but haven’t covered it myself yet.

  34. Phyllis Mueller

    Firebird, In “A New Atkins for a New You,” p.96, the authors discuss how a low-carb diet is naturally diuretic. “Adapting to a low carb state,” they say, “fundamentally changes how your system handles nutrients that might cause problems in a high-carb setting.” The nutrient to which they were referring is salt. They suggest 2 cups of salted broth, 2 tbsp. soy sauce, or 1/2 t. salt daily.

  35. Phyllis Mueller

    Firebird, In “A New Atkins for a New You,” p.96, the authors discuss how a low-carb diet is naturally diuretic. “Adapting to a low carb state,” they say, “fundamentally changes how your system handles nutrients that might cause problems in a high-carb setting.” The nutrient to which they were referring is salt. They suggest 2 cups of salted broth, 2 tbsp. soy sauce, or 1/2 t. salt daily.

  36. CindyD

    I know that I mentioned this before, but I overheard two people discussing Fat Head at an Achorage, AK dog park. And I’ve seen it mentioned before on a political thread on Facebook. It does seem that conservatives and Libertarians tend to lean to the low-carb side.

    I’ve noticed that pattern, although it’s far from a perfect correlation.

  37. CindyD

    I know that I mentioned this before, but I overheard two people discussing Fat Head at an Achorage, AK dog park. And I’ve seen it mentioned before on a political thread on Facebook. It does seem that conservatives and Libertarians tend to lean to the low-carb side.

    I’ve noticed that pattern, although it’s far from a perfect correlation.

  38. C

    Maybe the government’s trying to solve the overpopulation problem with all this sucky dietary advice. Fortunately I don’t think that’s the plan – if they’re not smart enough to either give accurate dietary advice or cover up their tracks neatly enough, there’s no way they’re smart enough to put a plan like that in action. A government that was both smart and greedy would have shut down this blog and wiped out the Fathead movie ages ago; just think of how many people have sacrificed the government’s money for the sake of health!!!

    It would be a lousy plan, since bad diets kill us well after our reproductive years.

  39. C

    Maybe the government’s trying to solve the overpopulation problem with all this sucky dietary advice. Fortunately I don’t think that’s the plan – if they’re not smart enough to either give accurate dietary advice or cover up their tracks neatly enough, there’s no way they’re smart enough to put a plan like that in action. A government that was both smart and greedy would have shut down this blog and wiped out the Fathead movie ages ago; just think of how many people have sacrificed the government’s money for the sake of health!!!

    It would be a lousy plan, since bad diets kill us well after our reproductive years.

  40. Olivia

    Amazing that people still care about salt. Going low carb/sugar free for a decade and now in recent times with an emphasis on real unprocessed paleo/primal food, and nursing babies for a couple years:
    1. Processed food is too damn salty
    2. Cheeses, salted butter, & bacon are seasonings.
    3. I have some highly recommended natural sea salt that I dive into as much as I want; hopefully it is a source of minerals that are likely missing from my other foods.
    4. Salt cuts bitter…so people who curb on salt are going to add more sugar…and are going to get the higher triglycerides in return. Try salting your coffee and cutting back on the sweetener.
    5. Aspartame raises my blood pressure! I may sip a diet-crack at a restaurant here and there, but I’ve figured out for myself that much more than a can of this stuff leads to my wedding band feeling snug. The stuff really doesn’t taste good, I just want sweet bubbly + fresh lemon or lime really. No reason to drink this junk. BUT! aspartame doesn’t raise it nearly as much as high carb diet results in.

    As usual, the experts are picking on the wrong nutrient.

  41. Olivia

    Amazing that people still care about salt. Going low carb/sugar free for a decade and now in recent times with an emphasis on real unprocessed paleo/primal food, and nursing babies for a couple years:
    1. Processed food is too damn salty
    2. Cheeses, salted butter, & bacon are seasonings.
    3. I have some highly recommended natural sea salt that I dive into as much as I want; hopefully it is a source of minerals that are likely missing from my other foods.
    4. Salt cuts bitter…so people who curb on salt are going to add more sugar…and are going to get the higher triglycerides in return. Try salting your coffee and cutting back on the sweetener.
    5. Aspartame raises my blood pressure! I may sip a diet-crack at a restaurant here and there, but I’ve figured out for myself that much more than a can of this stuff leads to my wedding band feeling snug. The stuff really doesn’t taste good, I just want sweet bubbly + fresh lemon or lime really. No reason to drink this junk. BUT! aspartame doesn’t raise it nearly as much as high carb diet results in.

    As usual, the experts are picking on the wrong nutrient.

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