More On The Egg Yolk Study

      72 Comments on More On The Egg Yolk Study

Last week I wrote about the latest Eggs Will Kill You! study conducted by Dr. David Spence, who seems to be making a career of anti-cholesterol and anti-egg hysteria.  (I’m sure the fact that he’s funded by statin-makers has nothing to do with that.)  When I wrote about the study, I only had access to the abstract and some media articles.  A reader in the research community later sent me a copy of the full study.  There are some interesting bits in there.  Let’s start with a paragraph from the introduction:

The underpinning of what used to be the step 2 diet and later became the diet recommended for CHD risk reduction by NCEP ATP III was a diet low in saturated fat (<7%) and dietary cholesterol (<200 mg). This diet if strictly applied tended to drive the consumer towards a more plant based diet with other potential advantages in terms of CHD risk reduction. In addition to saturated fat in meat (especially red meat) and full fat dairy products, eggs were also restricted due to their significant cholesterol content.

Right away we’ve got bias creeping into the text.  Notice how “tended to drive the consumer towards a more plant based diet” is simply assumed to be a potential advantage in terms of CHD risk reduction.

Currently, however, serious doubts have been expressed over the relevance of these dietary components to cardiovascular disease.

That’s because they’re not relevant.

In the case of cholesterol much of the debate has been focused on the lack of clear consensus on whether egg consumption consistently raises serum cholesterol or impacts negatively on postprandial events, including vascular reactivity. Most importantly the association of egg consumption with CHD events in cohort studies has been inconsistent.

Well, there’s a reason the association of egg consumption with CHD has been inconsistent:  eggs don’t cause heart disease.  If they did, the association would be consistent.  If the evidence supporting a hypothesis isn’t consistent, a good scientist assumes there’s something wrong with the hypothesis.

Here’s the description of how the data was collected:

In earlier years, data on smoking and egg consumption were recorded by patients into a lifestyle questionnaire at the time of referral. Since 2000, when our referrals were scheduled on an urgent basis soon after transient ischeamic attacks or strokes, a more limited set of lifestyle questions were asked at the time the history was obtained. These data were entered, along with the history, medications, physical examination and recommendations into fields in the database, from which clinic notes were generated.

Hmmm … so the study participants were people who’d been urgently referred to a clinic after suffering a heart attack or stroke.  Not exactly what I’d call a random sample of the population, or even a random sample of the elderly population.  And if egg yolks cause cardiovascular disease, why were the study participants who consumed less than one egg per week referred to a clinic for people who’ve had a heart attack or stroke?  Seems to me they should have been out playing golf and enjoying their plaque-free health, not seeking an urgent referral.

The responses for smoking and egg yolk consumption were used to compute pack-years of smoking (number of packs per day of cigarettes times the number of years of smoking) and egg-yolk years (number of egg yolks per week times number of years consumed). This was not done for alcohol consumption, licorice intake or exercise, because the textual responses were mainly not quantifiable (e.g. “quit drinking six years ago”, “plays golf twice a week”).

I guess I’ll have to ask my Canadian pals:  Why is licorice intake considered a potential confounding variable in Canada?  Do you eat enough of it to skew health outcomes? Granted, it’s been a long time since I did standup comedy tours in Canada, but I don’t remember noticing a lot of people up there chewing on licorice.  Nobody ever walked up to me after a set and said, “Great show, eh!  Can I buy you a licorice?”

As for not being able to figure alcohol intake or exercise into the data, I’d consider that a serious matter.  Later in the study, we also learn that waist circumference wasn’t included in the calculations.  In other words, we have no idea if we’re looking at more plaque in people who simply eat more eggs, or in fat people who never exercise and also eat more eggs – the folks Dr. Mike Eades calls non-adherers and I call people who don’t give a @#$%.

After a Results section describing the association between egg-yolks years and plaque I covered in the previous post, there’s a Discussion section calling for (surprise) a reassessment of the possible role of eggs yolks in heart disease.  Sure, the association is inconsistent, as we admitted earlier in the study, but since we managed to find one, it’s time to scare people away from eggs all over again.

My favorite paragraph in the study was this one:

The study weakness includes its observational nature, the lack of data on exercise, waist circumference and dietary intake of saturated fat and sources of cholesterol other than eggs, and the dependence on self-reporting of egg consumption and smoking history, common to many dietary studies.

Yes, those are weaknesses.  Big ones …  even bigger than not accounting for licorice intake.  But after noting in the full text that the observational nature of this study is a weakness, Dr. Spence ran out and told media reporters he’d demonstrated that egg yolks make plaque build up faster — cause and effect.

This wouldn’t be such a lousy study if the lousy scientist who conducted it didn’t jump to lousy conclusions and share them with media reporters who wrote lousy articles about it.

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72 thoughts on “More On The Egg Yolk Study

  1. Beowulf

    I bet eating licorice causes narrowing of the arteries since it is a narrow-shaped tube. Despite evidence proving this connection, I shall abstain from placing licorice directly into my arteries. After all, I’m already consuming 18 egg-yolks per week on average, so it pays to be careful.

    Reply
  2. Lori

    “Since 2000, when our referrals were scheduled on an urgent basis soon after transient ischeamic attacks or strokes, a more limited set of lifestyle questions were asked at the time the history was obtained.”

    I’m sure patients’ recollections of their diet were crystal clear right after having a heart attack or stroke. Even on my best day, I couldn’t tell you how many eggs I eat in a week, even though I do all the shopping and cooking at my house. Someone who never goes near a stove or a grocery store and just beat the Reaper is going to be making wild guesses about their egg eating. Why do people even bother with this kind of data.

    They bother because it keeps the funding coming in.

    Reply
  3. nonegiven

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liquorice
    Most cases of hypertension from liquorice were caused by eating too much concentrated liquorice candy.[33] Doses as low as 50 grams (2 oz) of liquorice daily for two weeks can cause a significant rise in blood pressure.[34]

    Yeah, but who’s eating all this stuff? I haven’t even heard anyone mention eating licorice in years.

    Reply
  4. Andy

    This stuff cracks me up. I just did a short research paper for a freshman level anatomy and physiology class on LDL particle size, its effects on CAD, and how diet affects it. It took all of 10 minutes to pull studies from pubmed that showed larger LDL consistently and independently determined lower heart disease risk, and that less carbs/more fat consistently resulted in larger LDL particles than vice versa. Yes, an undergrad and heavy metal drummer by profession just debunked the USDA, AHA, egg yolk study, etc.

    Drummers and standup comics are known for their study debunking.

    Reply
  5. Marilyn

    What is this with licorice??? I just got a call today that my order for xylitol licorice chewing gum has been canceled because the FDA has blocked the sale of it. If licorice were that scary, I’d have been dead before I got to high school.

    Xylitol licorice chewing gum? That product exists?

    Reply
  6. Beowulf

    I bet eating licorice causes narrowing of the arteries since it is a narrow-shaped tube. Despite evidence proving this connection, I shall abstain from placing licorice directly into my arteries. After all, I’m already consuming 18 egg-yolks per week on average, so it pays to be careful.

    Reply
  7. Lori

    “Since 2000, when our referrals were scheduled on an urgent basis soon after transient ischeamic attacks or strokes, a more limited set of lifestyle questions were asked at the time the history was obtained.”

    I’m sure patients’ recollections of their diet were crystal clear right after having a heart attack or stroke. Even on my best day, I couldn’t tell you how many eggs I eat in a week, even though I do all the shopping and cooking at my house. Someone who never goes near a stove or a grocery store and just beat the Reaper is going to be making wild guesses about their egg eating. Why do people even bother with this kind of data.

    They bother because it keeps the funding coming in.

    Reply
  8. nonegiven

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liquorice
    Most cases of hypertension from liquorice were caused by eating too much concentrated liquorice candy.[33] Doses as low as 50 grams (2 oz) of liquorice daily for two weeks can cause a significant rise in blood pressure.[34]

    Yeah, but who’s eating all this stuff? I haven’t even heard anyone mention eating licorice in years.

    Reply
  9. Andy

    This stuff cracks me up. I just did a short research paper for a freshman level anatomy and physiology class on LDL particle size, its effects on CAD, and how diet affects it. It took all of 10 minutes to pull studies from pubmed that showed larger LDL consistently and independently determined lower heart disease risk, and that less carbs/more fat consistently resulted in larger LDL particles than vice versa. Yes, an undergrad and heavy metal drummer by profession just debunked the USDA, AHA, egg yolk study, etc.

    Drummers and standup comics are known for their study debunking.

    Reply
  10. Marilyn

    What is this with licorice??? I just got a call today that my order for xylitol licorice chewing gum has been canceled because the FDA has blocked the sale of it. If licorice were that scary, I’d have been dead before I got to high school.

    Xylitol licorice chewing gum? That product exists?

    Reply
  11. Phyllis Mueller

    Another possibility in this group of people is egg allergy. A good many people are allergic to eggs, either more drastically (ingestion causes breathing problems) or less so (ingestion may trigger a milder reaction that may not seem connected, like eczema or joint pain). In allergic people, eating eggs could/would cause inflammation, which could, eventually, cause vascular problems. That’s probably something else that wasn’t tested for (or reported).

    Good point.

    Reply
  12. Phyllis Mueller

    Another possibility in this group of people is egg allergy. A good many people are allergic to eggs, either more drastically (ingestion causes breathing problems) or less so (ingestion may trigger a milder reaction that may not seem connected, like eczema or joint pain). In allergic people, eating eggs could/would cause inflammation, which could, eventually, cause vascular problems. That’s probably something else that wasn’t tested for (or reported).

    Good point.

    Reply
  13. Erik

    Very perceptive and amusing analysis, as often is the case when you look at bad science.

    I’m very intrigued about what will come out of NuSI when Gary Taubes and Peter Attia launch it in September with regards of bringing more rigor to nutrition science.

    I wish them well.

    Reply
  14. Firebird

    In the end, they will be left with egg on their faces…and proceed to sop it off with a slice of white bread.

    Reply
  15. Matt

    Did you notice the difference between of age at first visit between the egg yolk years groups? Almost 70 for the highest and around 55 for the lowest. Same trend for eggs/week. Shouldn’t it have been the frequent egg eaters being urgently referred to the clinic in their 50s?

    BTW, saw this in the comments at Don Matesz’s blog by “Jack LeBear” – just wanted to give proper credit.

    Excellent point.

    Reply
  16. Marilyn

    “Xylitol licorice chewing gum? That product exists?”

    Well, it did — has for years. I bought it from one company online and they stopped carrying it, and so I turned to another company and bought from them for some time. Sure wish I’d known. I’d have stocked up! I just got some xylitol cinnamon gum from the same company today, and it’s ghastly!

    Thanks, Nonegiven. The only thing I could find is that 2 oz per day for two weeks might cause heart arrhythmia. But good grief! If licorice is being taken off the market because a few people might eat a lot of it and might have a problem, what’s next? Peanut butter removed from the market because a few people could have a fatal allergic reaction to it? Shrimp removed from the market because some people are deathly allergic to it?

    Helene, maybe a trip to Holland would be in order. (I’d probably get picked up for smuggling a dangerous substance, however.) When I was in Rome, I bought some licorice mint gum, that I really enjoyed. 🙂

    Reply
  17. Erik

    Very perceptive and amusing analysis, as often is the case when you look at bad science.

    I’m very intrigued about what will come out of NuSI when Gary Taubes and Peter Attia launch it in September with regards of bringing more rigor to nutrition science.

    I wish them well.

    Reply
  18. Firebird

    In the end, they will be left with egg on their faces…and proceed to sop it off with a slice of white bread.

    Reply
  19. Matt

    Did you notice the difference between of age at first visit between the egg yolk years groups? Almost 70 for the highest and around 55 for the lowest. Same trend for eggs/week. Shouldn’t it have been the frequent egg eaters being urgently referred to the clinic in their 50s?

    BTW, saw this in the comments at Don Matesz’s blog by “Jack LeBear” – just wanted to give proper credit.

    Excellent point.

    Reply
  20. Marilyn

    “Xylitol licorice chewing gum? That product exists?”

    Well, it did — has for years. I bought it from one company online and they stopped carrying it, and so I turned to another company and bought from them for some time. Sure wish I’d known. I’d have stocked up! I just got some xylitol cinnamon gum from the same company today, and it’s ghastly!

    Thanks, Nonegiven. The only thing I could find is that 2 oz per day for two weeks might cause heart arrhythmia. But good grief! If licorice is being taken off the market because a few people might eat a lot of it and might have a problem, what’s next? Peanut butter removed from the market because a few people could have a fatal allergic reaction to it? Shrimp removed from the market because some people are deathly allergic to it?

    Helene, maybe a trip to Holland would be in order. (I’d probably get picked up for smuggling a dangerous substance, however.) When I was in Rome, I bought some licorice mint gum, that I really enjoyed. 🙂

    Reply
  21. JK

    Hey, licorice is WONDERFUL! As a Dutchman I have been raised on the stuff! It helps with colds, sore throats and stomach upsets. It helps me to concentrate when really necessary and it simply tastes divine.
    But since it contains salt it has been fingered as the cause of high blood pressure… yet this has never been proven. Not even with post normal science. So bugger off, all those who don’t like the stuff. I love it and will keep eating it.

    I’ve apparently been unaware of a large licorice subculture out there.

    Reply
  22. JK

    Hey, licorice is WONDERFUL! As a Dutchman I have been raised on the stuff! It helps with colds, sore throats and stomach upsets. It helps me to concentrate when really necessary and it simply tastes divine.
    But since it contains salt it has been fingered as the cause of high blood pressure… yet this has never been proven. Not even with post normal science. So bugger off, all those who don’t like the stuff. I love it and will keep eating it.

    I’ve apparently been unaware of a large licorice subculture out there.

    Reply
  23. Marilyn

    JK, not only does it help with colds, sore throats and stomach upsets, it’s said to be good for dental health. Coupled with xylitol, which is also good for dental health, xylitol/licorice gum is a win-win combination. But the most important consideration is, yes! it simply tastes divine.

    Reply
  24. Marilyn

    JK, not only does it help with colds, sore throats and stomach upsets, it’s said to be good for dental health. Coupled with xylitol, which is also good for dental health, xylitol/licorice gum is a win-win combination. But the most important consideration is, yes! it simply tastes divine.

    Reply
  25. JK

    Ah, you didn’t know about that subculture that doesn’t eat licorice? Probably because they are such a small group, wouldn’t it? Or because the name “drop”, as we Dutchies call it, confuses those who only think it is called licorice? And the high blood pressure thing was based on the fact that the kidneys can only excrete an X amount of salt per hour, so any more salt in the diet must stay in the body, according to the researchers. That we excrete even more via sweating did not occur to them and the medical world has used this against us ever since.

    Reply
  26. JK

    Ah, you didn’t know about that subculture that doesn’t eat licorice? Probably because they are such a small group, wouldn’t it? Or because the name “drop”, as we Dutchies call it, confuses those who only think it is called licorice? And the high blood pressure thing was based on the fact that the kidneys can only excrete an X amount of salt per hour, so any more salt in the diet must stay in the body, according to the researchers. That we excrete even more via sweating did not occur to them and the medical world has used this against us ever since.

    Reply
  27. Linda

    Decided to follow Rosie O’Donnell on Twitter for awhile but it got too depressing. The medical staff has totally brainwashed her, total vegan diet now.

    She posted a pic of today’s breakfast, all veggies, not a drop of fat! Of course there are lots of other vegans cheering her on. I tweeted, along with others, pleading with her to look into Dr. Eades, Gary Taubes, Dr. William Davis, etc.

    Oh well, “you can lead a horse to water…………………………..”

    I asked her where was the bacon and eggs?

    Sorry to hear she’s going that route.

    Reply
  28. Firebird

    I prefer Spry gum made with xylitol, peppermint or spearmint. If I want licorice (which I don’t), I’ll put a drop of stevia on my tongue. 🙂

    Reply
  29. Linda

    Decided to follow Rosie O’Donnell on Twitter for awhile but it got too depressing. The medical staff has totally brainwashed her, total vegan diet now.

    She posted a pic of today’s breakfast, all veggies, not a drop of fat! Of course there are lots of other vegans cheering her on. I tweeted, along with others, pleading with her to look into Dr. Eades, Gary Taubes, Dr. William Davis, etc.

    Oh well, “you can lead a horse to water…………………………..”

    I asked her where was the bacon and eggs?

    Sorry to hear she’s going that route.

    Reply
  30. Marilyn

    Yes, Firebird. There are some things that have a “kind of” licorice flavor — anise and fennel to name a couple — but, alas, they aren’t quite as tasty. 🙂

    Reply
  31. Janelle

    “…fat people who never exercise and also eat more eggs – the folks Dr. Mike Eades calls non-adherers and I call people who don’t give a @#$%.”

    I think a lot of fat people who never exercise (and eat eggs) do give a @#$%, but exercising when you’re truly fat can be problematic, if not nearly impossible.

    That’s true, and of course the definition of “non-adherers” is more involved than that. They’re people who don’t really give a hoot about much of anything and tend to be irresponsible, whether we’re talking about health, education, finances, relationships, etc. Dr. Mike Eades pointed out awhile back that in clinical drug trials, non-adherers are the ones who don’t take their pills on schedule. In both the intervention and placebo groups, the non-adherers end up with worse health outcomes on average, which can lead people only looking at the intervention group’s data to assume the drug is effective. After all, the people who didn’t take the drug regularly had worse results. But that doesn’t explain why people who faithfully take their placebos also have better outcomes than people who don’t.

    The reason, Dr. Eades pointed out, is that adherers and non-adherers are different in many ways, including their attitude about life in general. If you believe a positive attitude helps keep you healthy (I certainly do), it’s no surprise that non-adherers have worse health outcomes, even if we can’t trace those results to a specific variable in a study.

    Reply
  32. Firebird

    I prefer Spry gum made with xylitol, peppermint or spearmint. If I want licorice (which I don’t), I’ll put a drop of stevia on my tongue. 🙂

    Reply
  33. Marilyn

    Yes, Firebird. There are some things that have a “kind of” licorice flavor — anise and fennel to name a couple — but, alas, they aren’t quite as tasty. 🙂

    Reply
  34. Janelle

    “…fat people who never exercise and also eat more eggs – the folks Dr. Mike Eades calls non-adherers and I call people who don’t give a @#$%.”

    I think a lot of fat people who never exercise (and eat eggs) do give a @#$%, but exercising when you’re truly fat can be problematic, if not nearly impossible.

    That’s true, and of course the definition of “non-adherers” is more involved than that. They’re people who don’t really give a hoot about much of anything and tend to be irresponsible, whether we’re talking about health, education, finances, relationships, etc. Dr. Mike Eades pointed out awhile back that in clinical drug trials, non-adherers are the ones who don’t take their pills on schedule. In both the intervention and placebo groups, the non-adherers end up with worse health outcomes on average, which can lead people only looking at the intervention group’s data to assume the drug is effective. After all, the people who didn’t take the drug regularly had worse results. But that doesn’t explain why people who faithfully take their placebos also have better outcomes than people who don’t.

    The reason, Dr. Eades pointed out, is that adherers and non-adherers are different in many ways, including their attitude about life in general. If you believe a positive attitude helps keep you healthy (I certainly do), it’s no surprise that non-adherers have worse health outcomes, even if we can’t trace those results to a specific variable in a study.

    Reply
  35. Kay

    Curse you Fat-Head! Everytime I read your post, I always end up reading something else, like Dr Eades adherence post….which was very interesting.

    But I have to be a pain-in-the-you-know-what about your comment “If you believe a positive attitude helps keep you healthy (I certainly do), it’s no surprise that non-adherers have worse health outcomes,…” Well, I’m sorry but I know a couple adherers who have a consistent lifestyle and they are healthy, but I would never ever call them positive, if anything they are more curmudgeonly. So please, don’t tell us that we “have to think positive” mantra to be healthy. If your a curmudgeon or laugh all day long, I think learning (from people like you) and living a healthy lifestyle on a consistent basis, you’ll be healthy….and maybe seem more positive.

    Now that I think of it, maybe those healthy adhering curmudgeons are taking statins and that’s why they’re curmudgeons! 🙂

    I don’t believe a positive attitude is required to be healthy — my grandmother lived to age 95 and was a hypochondriac and chronic complainer — but I think it helps.

    Reply
  36. Kay

    Curse you Fat-Head! Everytime I read your post, I always end up reading something else, like Dr Eades adherence post….which was very interesting.

    But I have to be a pain-in-the-you-know-what about your comment “If you believe a positive attitude helps keep you healthy (I certainly do), it’s no surprise that non-adherers have worse health outcomes,…” Well, I’m sorry but I know a couple adherers who have a consistent lifestyle and they are healthy, but I would never ever call them positive, if anything they are more curmudgeonly. So please, don’t tell us that we “have to think positive” mantra to be healthy. If your a curmudgeon or laugh all day long, I think learning (from people like you) and living a healthy lifestyle on a consistent basis, you’ll be healthy….and maybe seem more positive.

    Now that I think of it, maybe those healthy adhering curmudgeons are taking statins and that’s why they’re curmudgeons! 🙂

    I don’t believe a positive attitude is required to be healthy — my grandmother lived to age 95 and was a hypochondriac and chronic complainer — but I think it helps.

    Reply
  37. Underground

    “So bugger off, all those who don’t like the stuff. I love it and will keep eating it.”

    Yeah, you can have my share.

    Ugh, I never could see how anyone could enjoy eating that stuff. I got some as a child and I thought they were trying to punish me.

    Reply
  38. Underground

    “So bugger off, all those who don’t like the stuff. I love it and will keep eating it.”

    Yeah, you can have my share.

    Ugh, I never could see how anyone could enjoy eating that stuff. I got some as a child and I thought they were trying to punish me.

    Reply
  39. Paul

    Hi Tom,

    I wondered whether you have heard about Lord Strathcona I found the reference to it in Barry Groves’s articles :- Lord Strathcona

    In his autobiography, Discovery, Vilhjalmur Stefansson gives a detailed account of Lord Strathcona’s dietary habits which illustrate well how a restricted diet can be eminently healthy.

    After Stefansson had told Lord Strathcona what he had learned from the Eskimos, His Lordship told Stefansson that years ago in Canada he had begun a regimen all his own. He told how he had begun to wonder why, since he liked some things better than others, he should bother to eat something different on one day when he had liked what he had eaten the previous day better. ‘This led’, recounts Stefansson, ‘to his questioning what he really did like and, when he got the answer, eating nothing else — eggs, milk, and butter.’

    Stefansson was frequently a guest at Lord Strathcona’s home in Grosvenor Square, and so had plenty of opportunity to observe him. He wrote: ‘Strathcona, a broad shouldered man taller than six feet, would be seated at one end of the long table, Lady Strathcona at the other. As course after course was served to the rest of us, he would converse, drinking a sip or two of each wine as it was poured. Sometime during the middle of the dinner, his tray was brought: several medium soft boiled eggs broken into a large bowl, with plenty of butter and with extra butter in a side dish, and, I believe, a quart of whole milk, or perhaps half and half.’

    Lord Strathcona must have been doing something right because lived entirely healthily to the ripe old age of 93.

    So if you feel like eating eggs for breakfast every day, these stories illustrate that there is not really much reason why you shouldn’t.
    Me

    Incidentally, I get through a couple of dozen extra-large eggs a week — and have been doing so for over half a century. And I am still here! Mind you, I am only in my late 70s (although that is longer than either my father or his father lived). I strongly believe that eggs, which contain all the materials needed to build a complete animal, are probably the best food it is possible to get.

    In the book “Kabluna,” a writer who lived with the Inuits in the 1930s recalls meeting a priest who had eaten nothing but fish, caribou and seal for several years. He was fit as a fiddle.

    Reply
  40. Paul

    Hi Tom,

    I wondered whether you have heard about Lord Strathcona I found the reference to it in Barry Groves’s articles :- Lord Strathcona

    In his autobiography, Discovery, Vilhjalmur Stefansson gives a detailed account of Lord Strathcona’s dietary habits which illustrate well how a restricted diet can be eminently healthy.

    After Stefansson had told Lord Strathcona what he had learned from the Eskimos, His Lordship told Stefansson that years ago in Canada he had begun a regimen all his own. He told how he had begun to wonder why, since he liked some things better than others, he should bother to eat something different on one day when he had liked what he had eaten the previous day better. ‘This led’, recounts Stefansson, ‘to his questioning what he really did like and, when he got the answer, eating nothing else — eggs, milk, and butter.’

    Stefansson was frequently a guest at Lord Strathcona’s home in Grosvenor Square, and so had plenty of opportunity to observe him. He wrote: ‘Strathcona, a broad shouldered man taller than six feet, would be seated at one end of the long table, Lady Strathcona at the other. As course after course was served to the rest of us, he would converse, drinking a sip or two of each wine as it was poured. Sometime during the middle of the dinner, his tray was brought: several medium soft boiled eggs broken into a large bowl, with plenty of butter and with extra butter in a side dish, and, I believe, a quart of whole milk, or perhaps half and half.’

    Lord Strathcona must have been doing something right because lived entirely healthily to the ripe old age of 93.

    So if you feel like eating eggs for breakfast every day, these stories illustrate that there is not really much reason why you shouldn’t.
    Me

    Incidentally, I get through a couple of dozen extra-large eggs a week — and have been doing so for over half a century. And I am still here! Mind you, I am only in my late 70s (although that is longer than either my father or his father lived). I strongly believe that eggs, which contain all the materials needed to build a complete animal, are probably the best food it is possible to get.

    In the book “Kabluna,” a writer who lived with the Inuits in the 1930s recalls meeting a priest who had eaten nothing but fish, caribou and seal for several years. He was fit as a fiddle.

    Reply

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